Annual Report 2012


>> P.5

NOXEMISSIONSFROMTHEENGINESOFSHIPSCONSTRUCTEDINANDAFTER2016MUSTBEREDUCEDBY80%ORMOREFROMTHELEVELSUNDERTHETIERICONTROLSAPPLIEDIN2000.“K”LINEISCOOPERATINGINTHEDEVELOPMENTOFTECHNOLOGIESFORCOMPLYINGWITHTHESENOXCONTROLS,SUCHASTHEDEVELOP-MENTOFGAS-FUELLEDSHIPSANDDEMONSTRATIONTESTSOFWATEREMULSIONFUEL,WHICHCONTRIBUTESTONOXREDUCTION.USEOFWATEREMULSIONFUELWATEREMULSIONFUELISAFUELMADEBYAGITATINGWATERANDOILTODISPERSEWATERPARTICLESINFUELOIL.THEUSEOFWATEREMULSIONFUELHASBEENSHOWNTOREDUCENOXINDIESELENGINEEXHAUSTBYAPPROXIMATELY20%.“K”LINEGROUPHASINSTALLEDEQUIPMENTTOPRODUCEWATEREMULSIONONVESSELSITOPERATESANDISCONDUCTINGON-BOARDDEMONSTRATIONTESTS.INRESPONSETOTHETIGHTENINGOFEMISSIONCONTROLREGULATIONSINEMISSIONCONTROLAREAS(ECAS),ESPECIALLYREGULATEDCOASTALWATERSINEUROPEANDNORTHAMERICA,“K”LINEISCONSIDERINGTHEINTRO-DUCTIONOFCARCARRIERSTHATUSELIQUEfiEDNATURALGAS(LNG)ASFUEL.INECASFORSOX(SULFUROXIDE),THEMAXIMUMSULFURCONTENTOFFUELWILLBE0.1%BEGINNINGIN2015ANDINECASFORNOX,NOXEMISSIONSMUSTBECUTBY80%FROMTIERILEVELSONSHIPSBUILTINORAFTER2016.AHEADOFTHISIMPENDINGTIGHTENINGOFREGULATIONS,IN2010“K”LINELAUNCHEDAPROJECTTEAMRE-SPONSIBLEFORDEVELOPINGGAS-FUELLEDSHIPS.KAWASAKIHEAVYINDUSTRIES,LTD.,WHICHDEVELOPEDCON-STRUCTIONTECHNOLOGIESFORLNGCARRIERSANDCREATEDTHE“GREENGASENGINE”FUELEDBYNATURALGASFORGENERATINGELECTRICITY,BEGANDEVELOPINGCARCARRIERSPOWEREDBYLNGFUEL.THESEDEVELOPMENTEFFORTSWERECARRIEDOUTINCOOPERATIONWITHTHEEUROPEANPIONEEROFGAS-FUELLEDSHIPTECHNOLOGY,DETNORSKEVERITAS(DNV),THENORWEGIANCLASSIfiCATIONSOCIETY,WHICHOWNSTHEEXISTINGTECHNOL-OGY.THEGOALOFTHISPROJECTISTOREDUCECO2EMISSIONSBYAPPROXIMATELY40%,NOXBY80%TO90%ANDSOXANDPARTICULATEMATTER(PM)BYAPPROXIMATELY100%.THISPROJECTISNOTINTENDEDMERELYTODEVELOPACONCEPT.ITISINTENDEDTOENABLETHEACTUALCONSTRUCTIONANDCOMMERCIALSERVICEOFGAS-FUELLEDSHIPSINTHENEARFUTUREANDTOCOOPERATIVELYDEVELOPTHENEXTGENERATIONOFTECHNOLOGYFORREDUCINGENVIRONMENTALBURDEN.CHALLENGESFACEDBYTHEGAS-FUELLEDSHIPDEVELOPMENTPROJECTTEAM“K”LINE’SRESPONSETOTIERIIINITROGENOXIDE(NOX)EMISSIONCONTROLFORNEWBUILDINGSREDUCINGBURDENONTHEENVIRONMENTGAS-FUELLEDSHIPS5ANNUALREPORT2012


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